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Correction des déficits cognitifs chez des modèles murins de trisomie 21 par un inhibiteur de la kinase DYRK1A : étude pharmacologique et mécanistique

Abstract : Down Syndrome (DS), is due to the presence of an extra copy of chromosome 21 (Ch21). Among the candidates implicated in DS intellectual disabilities, DYRK1A is one of the most relevant. Several studies have shown a correlation between an increase of its kinase activity and the intellectual defects observed in DS models. In order to understand the mechanisms underlying the impact of DYRK1A overdosage on cognitive alterations, we used several trisomic mouse models expressing DYRK1A alone or with additional Hsa21 orthologous genes and specific DYRK1A inhibitors (Leucettines) from ManRos Therapeutics. We will present here the consequence of the Leucettines treatment following repetitive administration to several DS mouse models on the behavior and cognition. Further analysis of the phosphoproteome of DS mouse models treated or not with one of the Leucettine, the L41, unravels a few targets and pathways which are involved in the cognitive alterations observed in these trisomic mice. These results support the potential of more selective DYRK1A inhibitor as a therapeutic approach to improve cognitive functions in DS patients.
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Thu-Lan Nguyen. Correction des déficits cognitifs chez des modèles murins de trisomie 21 par un inhibiteur de la kinase DYRK1A : étude pharmacologique et mécanistique. Neurosciences [q-bio.NC]. Université de Strasbourg, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017STRAJ124⟩. ⟨tel-01823820⟩

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