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Équation d'état et transition liquide-cristal dans une suspension granulaire confinée

Abstract : The thermal-like behavior of a two-dimensional granular suspension maintained in an out-of equilibrium steady state is experimentally studied. We uncovered a state equation relating the density of particles and two measureable quantities that we interpret as a pressure and a temperature. The comparison of the equation of state to the hard disks one shows that there is attractive interaction between particles. The dependency of the temperature to the physical quantities of our suspension shows two regimes of fluctuations that we interpret as a viscous and an inertial regime. In the viscous regime, the system is additive: there is no long range correlation on fluctuations of density, which is surprising in a suspension where velocity correlations are usually known to be long ranged. Second, the system is subjected to liquid-to-crystal phase transition characterized by large fluctuations and heterogeneities that rise near the critical point. Heterogeneities are made of many locally crystallized patches of particles surrounded by a disordered fluid phase. The analysis of their morphologies shows scale invariance and allowed to extract several critical exponents using tools of percolation theory. Third, the energy flux which goes through the suspension in order to keep the system in a out of equilibrium steady state can be expressed simply with respect to physical quantities of the system, and shows that the way we inject energy is independent from the phase or the fluctuations regime of the system.
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Nariaki Sakaï. Équation d'état et transition liquide-cristal dans une suspension granulaire confinée. Physique [physics]. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEE049⟩. ⟨tel-01822695⟩

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