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Grain motion and packing : application to metallic alloy solidification

Abstract : Solidification multiphase multiscale modeling of metal alloys is based on the combination of the phenomena at the macroscopic scale of the product and at the microscopic scale of the solidification structures. In this thesis, the random packing of the typical equiaxed grain morphologies in metal alloy solidification is investigated. Firstly, we highlight the hydrodynamic dimensionless parameters governing the grain packing in the melt: the Stokes number, St, the Archimedes number, Ar, and the growth-to-motion ratio, Γ. Subsequently, an experimental setup is designed by hydrodynamic similarity with the actual solidification packing phenomenon in order to investigate the influence of the equiaxed grain geometry and the hydrodynamic conditions on the average solid packing fraction. Additionally, a numerical Discrete Element Method tool is developed to complement the experimental work by accessing to those granular variables which result difficult to be experimentally obtained such as the local packing fraction, the contacting neighbors and the particle orientation. Packing fractions between approximately 0.53 and 0.67 are measured and computed for the spherical noncohesive grains, for different hydrodynamic, frictional and polydispersity conditions, whereas values down to approximately 0.30 are found for noncohesive dendrite envelopes. Finally, we investigate the packing dynamics, which is the transition from a sedimentation regime to the mechanical equilibrium (packing). The evolution of the local solid fraction, contacting neighbors, mechanical contacts and grain orientation are given
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Submitted on : Monday, June 25, 2018 - 12:39:38 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01822597, version 1


Antonio Olmedilla González de Mendoza. Grain motion and packing : application to metallic alloy solidification. Materials. Université de Lorraine, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0265⟩. ⟨tel-01822597⟩