Optimisation d'échangeurs à films ruisselants

Abstract : We consider the heat transfer across a thin liquid film flowing by gravity along an tilted plane. This work aims at the identification of the mechanisms of heat transfer intensification and the optimization of the geometry of a plate exchanger.A simplified model based on weighted residual integral method applied to Navier Stokes and Fourier equations has been developed. A tool for solving system of partial derivative equations using the method of line has also been written. Spatial discretization is dealt with finite differences. A high order implicit Runge Kutta scheme with an adaptative time stepping, allows a stable and efficient resolution.This simplified model allowed us to link the fluid's dynamics (and especially the presence of recirculations under traveling wave crests, alos called roll waves) with transfer intensification. This link has been confirmed solving the primitive equations . Indeed, a parametric study of the transfer intensification on a signature/representative element of an exchanger plate by a monochromatic frequency has been conducted showing that transfer intensification is related to the onset of roll waves.The effect of a variable wall goemetry has been included to the model. Preliminary work points out the need for a low inclination to yield a significant effect on transfer intensification
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Nicolas Cellier. Optimisation d'échangeurs à films ruisselants. Thermique [physics.class-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAA003⟩. ⟨tel-01822445v2⟩

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