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Interfacial phenomena involved in the manipulation of drops and bubbles

Abstract : The interfacial phenomena in multiphase flows widely exist in numerous industrial processes. Drops and bubbles are typical models to investigate these interfacial phenomena. Thus this thesis investigates the drop (bubble) involved interface manipulation, including the breakup of interface, drop’s motion on superhydrophobic surface and Dripping-on-Substrate with an acquisition system of electric signals. In the first part, the pinch-off dynamics of homogenous fluids and heterogeneous ferrrofluids, unconfined liquid-liquid (liquid-gas) or confined liquid-liquid systems was investigated by a high-speed camera. The effect of buoyancy, magnetic force, gravity and interface tension between internal and external fluids on the final pinch-off was demonstrated and quantified. The second part focuses on the drop manipulation on superhydrophobic interface through two distinct approaches: superhydrophobic coating on a substrate and superhydrophobic particles enveloping a liquid drop to form “liquid marble”. The hurdling behavior of liquid drops on superhydrophobic obstacles and undressing dynamics of liquid marbles on oil films were discussed and the slope motion of liquid drops and liquid marbles were then compared. The third part concentrates on the Dripping-on- Substrate behavior: initial contact and spreading on a solid surface, final pinch-off of Newtonian fluids and filament thinning of non-Newtonian fluids, through a methodology combining the high-speed camera and ultra-high-speed acquisition device of an electric signal
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  • HAL Id : tel-01822383, version 1

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Xiaofeng Jiang. Interfacial phenomena involved in the manipulation of drops and bubbles. Chemical and Process Engineering. Université de Lorraine, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0260⟩. ⟨tel-01822383⟩

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