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Texturization of dairy protein systems with whey protein isolate aggregates

Abstract : The proteins of milk can be divided into whey proteins and caseins. Whey proteins are compact globular proteins that are found in the aqueous phase of milk. They are well-known for their exceptional functional properties. Upon heating, individual whey proteins denature and aggregate, forming aggregates of different morphologies and sizes, such as strands, fractal aggregates, microgels and fibrillar aggregates, depending on the heating conditions. On the other hand, the caseins in milk are organized in complex protein units with a diameter of 100-200 nm called casein micelles stabilized by colloidal calcium phosphate (CCP).The current work is an endeavor to understand how whey protein aggregates might be used in mixtures with other dairy proteins, such as casein micelles, in order to get a particular texture in a dairy product. We first extended the understanding of so-called “cold gelation” of pure WPI aggregates induced by calcium and acidification and then studied how the aggregates work in more complex mixtures of proteins and minerals. Interestingly, addition of small amounts of fractal aggregates to suspensions of casein micelles has been demonstrated to decrease the critical gelation temperature, increase the elastic modulus and decrease the syneresis of the gels.The aggregates are to be used to modify the viscosity of dairy products, as a gelling agent and for protein enrichment. The properties of strands, fractal aggregates and microgels have been studied and compared. WPI aggregates might be considered as “clean label” texturizing ingredients that do not require approval from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
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Anna Kharlamova. Texturization of dairy protein systems with whey protein isolate aggregates. Material chemistry. Université du Maine, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LEMA1029⟩. ⟨tel-01820646⟩

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