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Theses

Le public organisé pour la lutte : le cinéma du peuple en France et la résistance du mouvement ouvrier au cinéma commercial (1895-1914)

Abstract : The thesis examines the relationship between the French working class movement and the cinema at the beginning of the 20th century, specifically from 1895 to 1914. 1t focuses on the specific experience of the cooperative Cinéma du Peuple, which lasted from October 1913 to July 1914. The cooperative Cinéma du Peuple took part of militant cinema in France, which was barely begun from 1909 on when the industrialization process of the film in France was already advanced. Transmitted beyond 1914, the experience of the Cinéma du Peuple, first working class movement organized attempt to film appropriation, laid the foundations of a new ground of intervention in a prolonged hegemony in the cultural field until the present days. The assumption is that the public - a category of analysis in an alternative scale than mass or spectator - showed, with the experience of Cinéma du Peuple, that it is not by nature and so irrevocable way a prisoner of the commercial films and the interests of distributors. From the concepts of repertoire of contention, and the experience of the ideological domination of commercial cinema, we strive to identify the contours of that public, partly coïncident with the working class movement, mostly through collective and individual militants' trajectories, propagandists of the Cinéma du Peuple and its public. At the same time, we intend to bring from the analysis of the Cinéma du Peuple's films the beginning of the formation of a new mode of representation of the working class.
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Luiz Felipe Cezar Mundim. Le public organisé pour la lutte : le cinéma du peuple en France et la résistance du mouvement ouvrier au cinéma commercial (1895-1914). Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Universidade federal do Rio de Janeiro, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA01H046⟩. ⟨tel-01820619⟩

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