Algorithmes de radiolocalisation et traitements adaptés à une architecture de récepteur IR-UWB intégrée

Abstract : By making possible unprecedented user-centric services (monitoring/smart inventory of personal goods, context-aware indoor navigation, etc.), new radiolocation capabilities are on the verge of modifying in depth mobility-based usages. In this context, the impulse radio - ultra wideband technology (IR-UWB), which theoretically enables to estimate the arrival time of transmitted pulses at the nanosecond scale and hence, the relative distance between a transmitter and a receiver within a few tens of centimeters, has been regularly put forward for the last past decade. In spite of these good intrinsic properties, the obstruction of radio links, either by the carrying body itself or by surrounding obstacles (walls, pieces of furniture. . . ), can result in significant errors on unitary range measurements, degrading the overall positioning performance accordingly, in particular in confined environments (e.g., indoor). In the frame of this PhD work, the main idea was to rely on an integrated IR-UWB receiver architecture, which has the capability to finely estimate the entire multipath profile, in order to improve the localization functionality. An in-depth study of the mobile multipath channel, as perceived by the previous receiver, has been conducted first, leading to the deterministic interpretation (i.e., from a geometric point of view) of the relative temporal evolution of multipath components, as well as to the modelling of their mutual interference. Based on these preliminary investigations, adapted multipath detection, association and tracking algorithms have been proposed (e.g., multi-hypothesis Kalman filters in parallel). All these proposals benefit from the receiver specificities, aiming at capturing the space-time correlation of multipath components under mobility, while minimizing harmful interference effects in dense channels (e.g., by means of combined multi-band channel estimations). In particular, for each non-line-of-sight link independently, the previous solutions allow to correct the estimated arrival time of the missing direct path out of the tracked secondary paths, while enabling the use of a conventional structure for the mobile tracking filter (i.e., fed by several "corrected" links with respect to distinct base stations). These algorithmic developments were first validated by means of simulations (using a semideterminist tool including a complete model of the receiver), before being applied to a measurement data set issued by IR-UWB devices commercialized by the BeSpoon company.
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Jimmy Maceraudi. Algorithmes de radiolocalisation et traitements adaptés à une architecture de récepteur IR-UWB intégrée. Réseaux et télécommunications [cs.NI]. Université Rennes 1, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017REN1S106⟩. ⟨tel-01820608⟩

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