Identification de marqueurs de la robustesse du porcelet au sevrage

Abstract : The concept of robustness can be defined as the ability to maintain performances and health whatever environmental conditions. Weaning is the step where the biggest part of antibiotics is used because it is the source of multiple perturbations for the piglet. The identification of robust pigs could allow settling specific care and/or genetic selection on this criteria. The objectives of this thesis were to identify physiological parameters associated with the robustness of piglet at weaning and to predict this robustness by biological variables describing those measured responses before and after weaning. To answer to this objective, physiological variables were first measured in very different environments and, then, those ones associated with the robustness were identified. A first experiment was realized in experimental unit, aiming to study the effects of age, weaning conditions and health on the evolution of blood variables describing immune and metabolic status, stress and oxidatGrowth performances and health status were the two controlled factors of variations of farms. The analysis of data allowed us to show a high influence of health status on physiological variables around weaning. Some variables describing oxidative status, metabolic status and the activation of immune system were associated with the robustness of piglet at weaning. Thus, the most robust piglets are those ones who, in favorable or unfavorable environments, have a capacity to limit their oxidative stress, to mobilize less body reserves and to activate quickly their immune system. Those variables
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Arnaud Buchet. Identification de marqueurs de la robustesse du porcelet au sevrage. Science des productions animales. Agrocampus Ouest, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NSARB308⟩. ⟨tel-01818903⟩

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