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Reconfigurations territoriales soutenables des déplacés dans les plaines orientales de Colombie

Abstract : Marginalized from Colombia, the department of Vichada and the municipality of La Primavera, located in the Orinoco basin, are at the center of an agrarian boom. At the origin of this, there are paramilitaries groups, guerrilla and drug traffickers, who are trying to control the coca production. The boom is attracting investment of any kind, resulting in an agrarian counter-reform materialized in an accumulation of land, in a violent and illegal manner. This scenario contains the conditions for new IDP waves moving to slums in the large cities. Meanwhile, Colombia is in a conjuncture with the negotiations between the government and the guerrillas to end the war. The key point of the agenda is sustainable development of the countryside and the democratization of access to the land. This dichotomous situation represents an opportunity to introduce alternative and sustainable development laboratories, which could benefit the whole region. The research focuses on La Primavera, a distinctly rural area with 14,000 people scattered over a wide extension without basic infrastructure; where a Norwegian group bought 72,000 hectares of savannah in order to develop an agro-industrial project, which will need intensive manpower. The project, under construction, plans to create a sustainable and self-sufficient village of 1,000 families, whose conception includes taking into account of the territory and other villages; and the implementation of alternative social, economic and environmental solutions, constituting the main field of observation, in situ and in vivo.
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Diego Botero-Cabal. Reconfigurations territoriales soutenables des déplacés dans les plaines orientales de Colombie. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA01H042⟩. ⟨tel-01818366⟩

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