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Ingénierie de la transcétolase de Geobacillus stearothermophilus : nouvelles stratégies pour la synthèse enzymatique de cetoses rares

Abstract : Thermostable transketolase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus (TKgst, EC 2.2.1.1) catalyzes efficiently the synthesis of d-threo (3S, 4R) ketoses having 4, 5 and 6 carbon atoms, by the stereoselective formation of a new C-C bond, from short chain (2R)-α-hydroxylated aldehydes. The aim of this work is to use TKgst at 60°C, in order to increase reaction rates and to broad its substrate scope to new donors and acceptors by Directed Evolution, according to a semi-rationnal approach, based on site saturation mutagenesis. Thus, the screening of the libraries led to TKgst variants (L382D/D470S, L191I, L382F/F435Y, R521Y/H462N and R521V/S385D/H462S) having significantly improved specific activities towards (2S)-α-hydroxylated aldehydes and (2R)-α-hydroxylated aldehydes having a long polyhydroxylated chain (C5-C6), compared to wild type TKgst (3,3 to 5-fold increased activity). Wild-type TKgst as well as these TKgst variants were used, at 60°C, to obtain eleven, including nine l-erythro (3S, 4S) ketoses having 5 and 6 carbon atoms and d-threo (3S, 4R) ketoses having from 4 to 8 carbon atoms of biological interest, with good yields, four being inaccessible using common TK sources. Besides, other TKgst variants led to significantly improved activities towards hydrophobic aldehydes and towards a new donor substrate, pyruvic acid and derivatives, extending TKgst product scope to 1-deoxyketoses. In addition, a multienzymatic innovative and environmentally friendly process, in which TKgst substrates are generated through enzymatic pathways, using a transaminase or a d-aminoacid oxidase and an aldolase, from non-expensive and natural compounds was developed, in the presence of wild-type TKgst and will be able to be applied to TKgst variants, in order to synthesize efficiently and at lower cost, other highly valuable rare ketoses.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01818066
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Submitted on : Monday, June 18, 2018 - 4:26:15 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01818066, version 1

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Marion Lorillière. Ingénierie de la transcétolase de Geobacillus stearothermophilus : nouvelles stratégies pour la synthèse enzymatique de cetoses rares. Chimie organique. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017CLFAC080⟩. ⟨tel-01818066⟩

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