Caractérisation de Fam65b, un nouvel effecteur de FoxO1 dans la régulation de la quiescence

Abstract : T cell fate is conditioned by the integration of many soluble and cellular signals. When T cells are not stimulated, FoxO transcription factors orchestrate an important molecular network involved in maintaining the quiescent state and migratory ability of the cells. Considered as a "default" state, it is now known that maintenance of T cell quiescence is a process highly regulated by a set of signals including IL7 signaling and sustained contact with MHC molecules presenting self-peptides. Surprisingly, these same signals are required to induce entry of cells into the cell cycle. Inhibition of T cell proliferation is an active mechanism that can be lifted by external signals. The molecular mechanism maintaining this quiescent state is poorly described. My thesis project was studying the functional consequences of Fam65b expression, a new transcriptional target of FoxO, on proliferation. I showed that, in transformed cells, that have lost the ability to regulate their proliferation, forced expression of Fam65b disrupts the establishment of the mitotic spindle, inducing an arrest in G 2 /M phase and cell death. During this process, Fam65b acts with two partners, known to be involved in the cell cycle process, the histone deacetylase HDAC6 and the 14-3-3 protein scaffold. I have also been able to establish that in human primary T cell, Fam65b is a quiescence factor. Indeed, the TCR stimulation induces a reduction of Fam65b expression and maintaining its expression blocks the proliferation of T cells, suggesting that inhibition of Fam65b expression is a prerequisite for proliferation. Conversely, inhibition of Fam65b expression in naive T cells reduces their activation threshold. Altogether these results show that Fam65b is a new target for the control of the proliferation of primary and transformed cells. We have also developed, in the laboratory, a mouse model invalidated for Fam65b in T cell lineage. I initiated the phenotype analysis of these mice in the absence of any stimulation. This work, in addition to the previous results obtained in the laboratory, reveal that Fam65b is a new effector of FoxO factors, able to interact with various partners to jointly control major cellular functions.
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Jeanne Froehlich. Caractérisation de Fam65b, un nouvel effecteur de FoxO1 dans la régulation de la quiescence. Immunologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB075⟩. ⟨tel-01816965⟩

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