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Organic-inorganic hybrids for green photonics : solid state lighting applications

Abstract : The present work aims to synthesize new organic-inorganic hybrid materials, bridge silsesquioxanes type, and characterize the local structure and photoluminescence properties overlooking potential applications in the area of sustainable photonics, namely, in solid-state lighting as luminescent solar concentrators.In this context, three distinct families of materials based on six precursors which differ in their structural organization are synthesized, i.e. precursors with structure: 1) linear where the organic component is based on malonamide group (P2-m and P4-m); 2) linear which is added an aromatic ring whose organic part is based on amide and/or thioamide (P(UU), P(UT) and P(TT)) and 3) tri-branched which the organic component is based on amide group (t-UPTES (5000)).Two organic-inorganic hybrids (M2-m and M4-m) which results from hydrolysis and condensation of the precursors P2-m and P4-m are synthetized. The role of the presence of one or two malonamide groups is studied in terms of local structure and photoluminescence properties.Three organic-inorganic hybrids (H(UU), H(UT) and H(TT)) based on (P(UU), P(UT) and P(TT)) aresynthesized and structurally characterized aiming to study the role of the hydrogen bond in the self-assembling of these materials. The presence of different types of hydrogen bonds (bifurcated, linear and cyclic) induces different conformations which affect the physical properties (mechanical and optical) of the materials.Hybrids based on t-UPTES(5000) precursor are synthesized based on different synthesis strategies. Changing the concentration of HCl and water content as well as the synthesis in a controlled environment allow the improvement of the optical properties of this system, in particular, the absolute quantum yield and the absorption coefficient. In addition, it is studied the recombination mechanisms responsible for the emission through the comparison between the corresponding photoluminescence properties of the organic and inorganic models.Finally, due to the structural simplicity of the precursors and affinity with lanthanide ions, P2-m and P4-m precursors are doped with Eu3+. The local structure of the corresponding hybrids shows local coordination between the ion and host. Efficient materials concerning the quantum yield values lead to the development of luminescent solar concentrators with a maximum absolute quantum yield of 0.600.06 and optical conversion efficiency in the absorption spectral region (300-380 nm) of 12.3%.
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Vânia Patricia Castro Teixeira Freitas. Organic-inorganic hybrids for green photonics : solid state lighting applications. Optics / Photonic. Université Montpellier; Universidade de Aveiro (Portugal), 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016MONTT305⟩. ⟨tel-01816934⟩

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