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Enjeux communicationnels de la conception de dispositifs de médiation documentaire augmentée pour les herbiers numérisés

Abstract : We describe evolving patterns of communication mediated by naturalistic collections in the context of their digitisation. Natural history collections have been a reference for theorising the role played by material artifacts in the process of standardised data production lead by multiple and heterogenous actors, including amateurs. We study the digitisation of naturalistic collections with the aim of validating the hypothesis that the characteristics of their documents and the principles of their organisation can be reproduced with a digital device. If so, digitised specimens could be used at each step of the scientific communication involving uses of naturalistic collections: sometimes collected during leisure botany practices, specimens are a source of information used during the scientific study, and in the end they are the medium for publishing the results of the study, using a new label ; over time, they become a scientific heritage documenting the history of knowledge creation. The digital reproduction of these functions of herbaria creates a model for digital mediation enabling scientific collections to be considered as both scientific information and scientific heritage. This model could be used for other kinds of digitised collections. The project of extending the functionalities of databases of digitised specimens can be lead only by curators and users. It was one of the goals of Recolnat, a national infrastructure in biology and health, in addition to digitisation of collections. In this aim, a lab in communication sciences, Dicen-IDF (Paris), has been part of the infrastructure. It had to design and develop digital tools for enhancing uses of digitised specimens. The designing process was grounded on the results of the observation of uses of digitalised herbaria and needs expressed by users working with different methods. We grounded our theoretical research on this inquiry involved in the design process in which we were taking part; user tests of devices developed by the lab were the last part of our inquiry. We analysed all the activities using specimen with the same theoretical framework grounded on a conception of communication as a set of interactions transforming artifacts and creating new meanings and new forms of social organisation. Thereby we analysed different models of communication mediated by digitised collections, depending on the functionalities of databases and on the domain and skill set of users. Digitised collections have been enhancing the numerous local efforts of inventorying collections by making available online the results of each of them. Researchers mainly communicate their results to curators in order to enrich collection data, because few databases integrate scientific annotations or corrections online. Scientific uses of digitised specimens are varying depending on the specialities : they can be used as a scientific reference, but are often used only for identifying the specimens owned by a herbarium. The software developed by the Dicen-IDF lab enhances scientific uses of digital specimen. Another software of the Recolnat project enables the traditional participation of amateurs in the curation of naturalistic collections by crowdsourcing online transcription of sheet labels. This platform creates new forms of scientific mediation between animators promoting the understanding of scientific collections and volunteers learning the principles of documenting collections.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01816645
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Submitted on : Friday, June 15, 2018 - 3:06:05 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 11:32:46 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, September 17, 2018 - 10:33:22 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01816645, version 1

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Lisa Chupin. Enjeux communicationnels de la conception de dispositifs de médiation documentaire augmentée pour les herbiers numérisés. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017CNAM1141⟩. ⟨tel-01816645⟩

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