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Caractéristiques, chronologie et rôles des circulations fluides dans le bassin d'Athabasca et son socle : implications dans la formation et l'évolution du gisement d'uranium de Cigar Lake

Abstract : The main exploration targets for unconformity-related U deposits of the Athabasca Basin are the graphite-rich structures in the basement. But these are not necessarily fertile. They show distinct features expressing specific events of fluid circulations. This study aims, through a multidisciplinary approach, at unravelling the complex history of fluid flow events recorded in the vicinity of the Cigar Lake deposit. During the basement uplift, at the end of the Trans-Hudson Orogeny, the formation of ductile-brittle shear zones associated to the circulation of C-O-H-N fluids led to hydrothermal graphite enrichments and a petrophysical evolution of damages zones. These graphite-rich shear zones that were specifically weakened by the ante-Athabasca brittle reactivation have been reactivated once more after basin deposition allowing the formation of a developed damage zone especially favorable for sedimentary brine convection. Circulations of NaCl-rich brines in the basement led to brine-rock interactions, and subsequent uptake of uranium and other metals from the basement rocks. The latter have subsequently undergone strong K-Mg alteration whereas the NaCl dominated brines evolved toward a CaCl2-dominated composition with higher salinities. Finally, this thesis sets out an integrated methodology allowing to decipher the complex superimposed geochemical signatures of distinct fluid flow events on the primary uranium oxides. Five fluid flow events contributed to the present day state of the Cigar Lake deposit: a primary event of brine circulation occurred at 1290-1380 Ma and is at the origin of the main U stock; a second basin-scale event of fluid flow occurred at ca. 900 Ma, it brecciated and strongly disturbed the deposit; two later events of fluid flow strongly remobilized the deposit at ca. 340 and 220 Ma and greatly contributed to the actual state of the deposit. Finally a last, rather recent event of fluid flow was at the origin of strong chemical changes in the uranium oxides compositions and strong isotopic resetting
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  • HAL Id : tel-01816179, version 2

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Pierre Martz. Caractéristiques, chronologie et rôles des circulations fluides dans le bassin d'Athabasca et son socle : implications dans la formation et l'évolution du gisement d'uranium de Cigar Lake. Sciences de la Terre. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0221⟩. ⟨tel-01816179v2⟩

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