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Jean-Jacques Rousseau : le malade et le penseur de la médecine

Abstract : Accurate ideas are found in the writings of Rousseau about médicine. He has shown a very critical judgment about the inefficiency of his médical doctors. It is obvious that he contacted them frequently, before ignoring them definitively. lndeed, he suffered in many decades from a painful urologie disease, which could not be cured by physicians, a chronical and congenital urine rétention. Our work draws his source mainly from the 7175 letters (written or received by Rousseau) grouped by Leigh, completed with some data found in the Confessions. Our aim was to analyze his symptoms, evaluate the diagnosis suggested by the numerous doctors and biographs pf Rousseau's life, but also to discuss the évolution of his sévère judgment about the doctors (among which some were so important in his life to justify a development) and his ideas about the medicine, dominated by the respect of Action of nature, particularly approved by doctor Tissot and the « Hygienists » thought group. On the other hand, Rousseau was well known as having shady and solitary character, andt french psychiatrists in the beginning of XXe century took him even as a current example of paranoid délusion. We assess this hypothesis, analyzing his reactions along his eventful life, with reference to international recommendations (DSM)·
Keywords : Urologic disease
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Philippe Casassus. Jean-Jacques Rousseau : le malade et le penseur de la médecine. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCD026⟩. ⟨tel-01816038⟩

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