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Theses

Modélisation du comportement des sols fins quasi-saturés comportant de l’air occlus

Abstract : The behaviour of quasi-saturated materials is an important factor to be considered when designing cuttings and embankments in which earthwork materials are compacted to the optimum proctor density. Typically, soil compaction is performed at the optimum Proctor or on the wet side of the optimum, which means that the soil is in a highly saturated state. Cruz et al (1985) have shown that at a high degree of saturation (greater than 85% or even 90% in the case of certain soils), the liquid phase is continuous whereas the gas phase in the form of entrapped air bubbles is discontinuous. It is the presence of the entrapped air bubbles which makes the soil behaviour complex. The construction of a theoretical model for this type of soils requires the consideration of various physical-mechanical phenomena and their couplings occurring within the tri-phasic medium consisting of the solid grains, liquid water containing dissolved air and the entrapped air bubbles. In this sense, a new hydromechanical model has been developed that takes into account the physical-mechanical interactions between different phases as well as the kinematics of each constituent (liquid water, dissolved air, gaseous air and solid grains). In particular, the model accounts for the interfacial tension, migration of gaseous and liquid phases, which have important impacts on the mechanical behaviour. The development leads to a system of highly non-linear partial differential equations which can be solved numerically using the finite element method. This new model has been implemented in a numerical code “Hydromech” written in C++, developed originally by Pereira (2005) that has been used to simulate oedometer tests with different hydromechanical loading paths. In particular, this code allows to simulate consistently the transition across different regimes of saturation, both with respect to space (progressive translation of a boundary between two neighbouring regimes) and to time (transition of one regime to another at a fixed material point); which constituted a difficult modelling problem at the start. Numerical studies carried out show that this model gives consistent results providing a clear demonstration of its ability to simulate with precision the hydro-mechanical behaviour of quasi-saturated soils containing entrapped air.
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Ba Tien Lai. Modélisation du comportement des sols fins quasi-saturés comportant de l’air occlus. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSET001⟩. ⟨tel-01815035⟩

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