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Fouille de connaissances en diagnostic mammographique par ontologie et règles d'association

Rihab Idoudi 1, 2
2 Lab-STICC_IMTA_CID_IRIS
Lab-STICC - Laboratoire des sciences et techniques de l'information, de la communication et de la connaissance
Abstract : Facing the significant complexity of the mammography area and the massive changes in its data, the need to contextualize knowledge in a formal and comprehensive modeling is becoming increasingly urgent for experts. It is within this framework that our thesis work focuses on unifying different sources of knowledge related to the domain within a target ontological modeling. On the one hand, there is, nowadays, several mammographic ontological modeling, where each resource has a distinct perspective area of interest. On the other hand, the implementation of mammography acquisition systems makes available a large volume of information providing a decisive competitive knowledge. However, these fragments of knowledge are not interoperable and they require knowledge management methodologies for being comprehensive. In this context, we are interested on the enrichment of an existing domain ontology through the extraction and the management of new knowledge (concepts and relations) derived from two scientific currents: ontological resources and databases holding with past experiences. Our approach integrates two knowledge mining levels: The first module is the conceptual target mammographic ontology enrichment with new concepts extracting from source ontologies. This step includes three main stages: First, the stage of pre-alignment. The latter consists on building for each input ontology a hierarchy of fuzzy conceptual clusters. The goal is to reduce the alignment task from two full ontologies to two reduced conceptual clusters. The second stage consists on aligning the two hierarchical structures of both source and target ontologies. Thirdly, the validated alignments are used to enrich the reference ontology with new concepts in order to increase the granularity of the knowledge base. The second level of management is interested in the target mammographic ontology relational enrichment by novel relations deducted from domain database. The latter includes medical records of mammograms collected from radiology services. This section includes four main steps: i) the preprocessing of textual data ii) the application of techniques for data mining (or knowledge extraction) to extract new associations from past experience in the form of rules, iii) the post-processing of the generated rules. The latter is to filter and classify the rules in order to facilitate their interpretation and validation by expert, vi) The enrichment of the ontology by new associations between concepts. This approach has been implemented and validated on real mammographic ontologies and patient data provided by Taher Sfar and Ben Arous hospitals. The research work presented in this manuscript relates to knowledge using and merging from heterogeneous sources in order to improve the knowledge management process.
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Rihab Idoudi. Fouille de connaissances en diagnostic mammographique par ontologie et règles d'association. Informatique. Ecole nationale supérieure Mines-Télécom Atlantique, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017IMTA0005⟩. ⟨tel-01814853⟩

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