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Chiral phosphorus containing calix[4]arenes for asymmetric catalysis

Abstract : The thesis is devoted to the developing of effective methods for the synthesis of new class of inherently chiral phosphorus-containing calix[4]arenes, phosphines and phosphoric acids with a certain mutual arrangement of functional groups on the lower rim of the macrocycle, with potential catalytic activity. The optimal way fot the synthesis of phosphorus-containing calix[4]arenes by the stepwise substitution of the phenolic hydroxyls was developed in order to design inherently chiral calix[4]arenes with ABHH and ABCH replacement types at the lower rim of the macrocycle. By using these techniques, synthesis of six analogues of known and effective catalysts with planar chirality was performed. Using X-ray diffraction studies allowed to investigate spatial location of functional groups. Using of Mitsunobu reaction allowed to provide synthesis of the new "pocket"-like ligands - calix[4]arenes bearing chiral ferrocenyl-phosphines moieties. The effectiveness of the synthesized new phosphine ligands was confirmed by the example of the model Tsuji-Trost reaction. Interesting dependence of the selectivity level on the metal cation size of added base, due to chelation effect of supramolecular ligand was observed. Calix[4]arenes phosphoric acids was first applied as organocatalysts the series of model reactions: aza-Diels-Alder reaction, aza-Mukaiyama asymmetric reaction and epoxides ring opening reaction. It was found that most of the synthesized compounds exhibit a noticeable level of catalytic activitydue to features of internal chirality.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 8, 2018 - 3:41:32 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01811136, version 1



Andrii Karpus. Chiral phosphorus containing calix[4]arenes for asymmetric catalysis. Catalysis. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30045⟩. ⟨tel-01811136⟩



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