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Récupération électrochimique en milieu liquide ionique de nanoparticules de platine contenues dans les électrodes de PEMFC

Abstract : The platinum nanoparticles used as catalyst in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs) represent around the half of the total price of the cell and is one of the limitations for their large scale commercialization. The treatment of spent PEMFC through the recovery of platinum catalyst is a major concern for their development. Usual recovery routes for platinum-containing catalysts are pyro-hydrometallurgical processes that generate pollutant emissions (CO2, NO2). An electrochemical recovery route by coupling electrochemical leaching and electrodeposition in ionic liquids (ILs) is proposed here, more environmentally friendly, performed in "soft" temperature conditions and without any gases emission. Studies of several electrolytes lead us to select BMIMTFSI + BMIMCl melts (bis(trifluorométhylsulfonyl) imidure + 1-butyl-3-méthylimidazolium chloride), due to the complexing ability of chloride against platinum and the good electrochemical stability of the RMIM+ cation. TFSI-, a weakly coordinate anion, allows us to modulate the complexing ability of the electrolyte, which is a key parameter affecting the nature and the electrochemical stability of the Pt complex formed after leaching. The optimal conditions of the leaching and electrodeposition steps have been determined during this work and successfully applied to PEMFC’s electrode. The selected electrolyte, which is weakly hygroscopic, allows the Pt recovery under ambient atmosphere
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Maxime Balva. Récupération électrochimique en milieu liquide ionique de nanoparticules de platine contenues dans les électrodes de PEMFC. Génie chimique. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0375⟩. ⟨tel-01811053⟩

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