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Etude de la morphologie, des propriétés et de la durabilité de nanocomposites à base de polyamide-11/halloysite

Abstract : The thesis is on the study of the properties and the sustainability of different nanocomposites systems based on polyamide-11 (PA11) and Algerian halloysite. The first part is devoted to the assessment of the potential as nanofiller of the Algerian halloysite by comparing it to another commercial one, through the study of PA11/halloysite nanocomposites prepared by melt mixing. In view of the different techniques, the results show the full potential of the Algerian halloysite with improvements in both thermal and mechanical properties after incorporation of the nanocharge. The second focuses on the use of halloysite, after functionalization, as compatibilisant agent in PA11 based polymers blends. Two functionalizations have been tested successfully via grafting on the surface of P(S-co-MAPC1(OH)2) and SEBS chains. The incorporation of these two modified halloysites in PS/PA11 and PA11/SEBS-g-MA, blends, respectively, led to ternary systems where the modified halloysite plays the role of compatibilizing agent by its localization at the interface. The third and final part of the work focuses on the sustainability of the PA11/halloysite nanocomposites. First, the impact of halloysite up to 6 weeks of immersion on the kinetics of the hygrothermal aging has been studied, as well as the effects of aging on the morphology and properties of samples. The study reveals that halloysite increases water sorption while delaying its diffusion in the PA11 due to the tortuosity induced by its presence. An evolution of the outward appearance of the material is observed with a decrease of the mechanical properties of the PA11. Finally, the study of the fire reaction of the PA11/halloysite nanocomposites with and without presence of phosphorus flame retardants has highlighted the inhibitory effect of halloysite after its functionalization with methylphosphonic acid. The results show that at comparable incorporation rate, the modified halloysite has a better effect on the fire behavior than ammonium polyphosphate or raw halloysite.
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Mohamed Sahnoune. Etude de la morphologie, des propriétés et de la durabilité de nanocomposites à base de polyamide-11/halloysite. Matériaux. Université Montpellier; Université A. Mira (Bejaïa, Algérie), 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016MONTT237⟩. ⟨tel-01809041⟩

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