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Echanges d’anions sur ionosilices : de l'élaboration des matériaux aux études physicochimiques et leurs applications en séparation et catalyse

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is the development of new anion exchangers based on ionosilica materials. Various materials containing ammonium groups were synthesized by template directed hydrolysis-polycondensation reactions starting from silylated ammonium precursors. Solids displaying different textures, architectures and morphologies were obtained via the modifications of reaction parameters, such as the nature of the used surfactant. Besides the standard structural and textural characterizations (N2 adsorption, XRD, TEM / SEM), we focused on a more detailed physico-chemical analysis of these original and innovative materials. Ionosilicas show an unusually high hydrophilicity compared to classical mesoporous silica or organosilicas of the PMO-type (Periodic Mesoporous Organosilica). Furthermore, the hydrophilicity of ionosilicas can be finely tuned either by the use of various ammonium precursors or the incorporation via exchange of hydrophobic anions. Finally, we used these new anion exchangers for the removal of various anionic species in aqueous media. Our studies show that ionosilicas are highly efficient anion exchanger displaying high capacity for the adsorption of Cr (VI) (up to 2.5 mmol g-1). These materials exhibit also high capacity of iodide combined with high radiolytic stability for radionuclides uptake. Similar results were obtained for organic anionic pollutants, e.g. drugs (diclofénac, sulindac and p-aminosalicylate) and dyes (methyl orange). Besides the high potential of these materials in separation processes, this study gives interesting insights in the materials morphology through the nearly complete accessibility of the cationic sites. All these features make ionosilicas materials of choice for solid-liquid separation processes in water treatment, depollution of industrial wastewater, the nuclear fuel cycle or catalytic support.
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Ut Dong Thach. Echanges d’anions sur ionosilices : de l'élaboration des matériaux aux études physicochimiques et leurs applications en séparation et catalyse. Matériaux. Université Montpellier, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016MONTT239⟩. ⟨tel-01809036⟩

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