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Croissance de TiO₂ en surface de fibres de cellulose pour l'élaboration de filtres photocatalytiques

Abstract : The pollution is definitely a major issue for environmental protection and sustainable development. Membrane technologies and advanced oxidation processes play more and more a key-role in the treatment of water both for the production of drinking water and for the treatment of municipal and industrial wastewaters. Heterogeneous photocatalysis is an advanced oxidation process for generating highly oxidizing species such as OH• in the presence of water and dioxygen, under irradiation of some semiconducting solids like titania (TiO2). The targeted objective for this PhD work is the development of efficient photocatalytic filters to be implemented in hybrid processes coupling separation and photodegradation. The innovative route investigated for preparing such photocatalytic filters is based on the use of a bio-based polymer, i.e. the cellulose, both as reactant (oxygen source) and mechanical support for the growth of titania nanoparticles from titanium tetrachloride. The first part of the thesis is dedicated to a literature review mainly focused on membrane and hybrid processes, on titanium dioxide and its photocatalytic properties and on the chemical, structural, microstructural and thermal behaviour of cellulose. After a description of the experimental procedures, the second part of this manuscript is first dedicated to the presentation and the discussion of the experimental results on the preparation and characterization of pure titania powders and of TiO2-carbon composite powders. The effect of titania doping by different transition metals in order to improve its functional properties is then examined. Simplification of the synthesis process by removing any is described in the next chapter. From the previously developed know-how on synthesis and photocatalytic performance, the last chapter is devoted to preliminary work on the preparation of photocatalytic filters and on the assessment of their functional properties.
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Sandrine Plumejeau. Croissance de TiO₂ en surface de fibres de cellulose pour l'élaboration de filtres photocatalytiques. Matériaux. Université Montpellier, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016MONTT230⟩. ⟨tel-01809027⟩

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