Absentéisme différencié des femmes et des hommes dans un métier mixte : l'exemple des factrices et des facteurs

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to understand men and women absenteeism in the same profession. We questioned how same jobs can potentially generate inequalities in health conditions between men and women due to work organization, economic development and the psychosocial context. To do this, we have studied the causes of absenteeism of post-men and post-women. In order to understand this difference, we used different methods to highlight exposures that women may face in the same job : field observations and interviews, photographic diagnosis and time-use surveys. These different methods show some elements which may explain the different occupational health outcomes of women compared to the same job than men do : work organization built around male norms due to historic heritage, a declining physical mail volumes and increase in packages which can be unfavorable for women, working materials were conceived on male norms are not adapted to women and relationship to work was different for men and women. This thesis revealed that taking care of gender in order to understand women’s work allows to improve work conditions for everyone. Numerous elements have been highlighted in order to taking gender into account.
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Margaux Vignet. Absentéisme différencié des femmes et des hommes dans un métier mixte : l'exemple des factrices et des facteurs. Psychologie. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE2082⟩. ⟨tel-01808447⟩

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