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Subdifferential determination, Faces Radon-Nikodym property, and differential structure of prox-regular sets

Abstract : This work is divided in two parts: In the first part, we present an integration result in locally convex spaces for a large class of nonconvex functions which enables us to recover the closed convex envelope of a function from its convex subdifferential. Motivated by this, we introduce the class of Subdifferential Dense Primal Determined (SDPD) spaces, which are those having the necessary condition which allows to use the above integration scheme, and we study several properties of it in the context of Banach spaces. We provide a geometric interpretation of it, called the Faces Radon-Nikod'ym property. In the second part, we study, in the context of Hilbert spaces, the relation between the smoothness of the boundary of a prox-regular set and the smoothness of its metric projection. We show that whenever a set is a closed body with a C^{p+1}-smooth boundary (with p≥1), then its metric projection is of class C^{p} in the open tube associated to its prox-regular function. A local version of the same result is established as well, namely, when the smoothness of the boundary and the prox-regularity of the set are assumed only near a fixed point. We also study the case when the set is itself a C^{p+1}-submanifold. Finally, we provide converses for these results.
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David Salas Videla. Subdifferential determination, Faces Radon-Nikodym property, and differential structure of prox-regular sets. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Montpellier, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016MONTT299⟩. ⟨tel-01807954⟩

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