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Contrôle dynamique des communications dans un environnement v2v et v2i

Abstract : Cooperative intelligent transport systems allow vehicles to communicate with each other as well as with the infrastructure in order to ensure the availability of information more reliably on vehicles, their positions and road conditions. This exchange of relevant information improves road safety, reduces traffic incidents and ensures efficient mobility of vehicles. IEEE 802.11p is standardized as the default technology for vehicle communications. In this context, the European ETSI standard addresses in particular road safety applications. To do this, it standardizes several types of messages such as CAM (Cooperative Awareness Message) and DENM (Decentralized Event Notification Message). CAMs are single-hop broadcast messages, sent by each vehicle containing information on its position, speed, direction, etc., in order to ensure lucid cooperation between other road users (including vehicles). The DENMs are sent when there is a detection of an event on the road, as in the case of an accident, traffic jams, etc. If necessary, multi-hop communication, using standardized routing algorithms, is implemented to disseminate these messages beyond the scope of the transmitter. The weakness of 802.11p lies in congestion of the radio channel due to the limited bandwidth (5.9 GHz). In order to compensate for this, ETSI proposed a framework for congestion control called DCC (Distributed Congestion Control). This allows the exchange of information, in particular the state of the radio channel, between the layers of the protocol stack. Thus, each communication protocol controls its own parameters to avoid congestion of the channel. In addition, many DCC congestion control approaches exist for CAM messages such as the control of the CAM generation period on the Facilities layer. Transmission power or data rate on the Access layer, etc. On the other hand, little works have been done on DENMs. In this regard, we proposed a DCC approach on the GeoNetworking layer which controls the routing parameters based on the state of the radio channel. An evaluation of the dual-DCC, namely CAM on Facilities and DENM on GeoNet, demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed approach. In addition, some applications such as managing a fleet of vehicles require a localized control center that communicates with the fleet. For this type of exchange, a hybrid communication (IP and Geo) is necessary. Moreover, to ensure the fluidity of communication, the management of mobility is paramount. While remaining within the framework of the Mobile IP architecture, we propose our approach of addressing which constitutes a routable IP address with a geonetworking address, which makes it possible to deal with the problem of accessibility of vehicles moving on the road from of an entity on the Internet. Unlike Mobile IP, our approach reduces the overhead of signaling. This is done by partitioning the road into routing area (RA) in such a way that the access to the Internet is via a RSU-FA gateway that controls the RA. Each RA regroups a number of RSUs.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01806340
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Submitted on : Saturday, June 2, 2018 - 1:11:30 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:20:49 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, September 3, 2018 - 3:56:16 PM

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Thiwiza Bellache-Sayah. Contrôle dynamique des communications dans un environnement v2v et v2i. Réseaux et télécommunications [cs.NI]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLV011⟩. ⟨tel-01806340⟩

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