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Revenu universel : pertinence pour accompagner les métamorphoses du travail, rôle dans la politique fiscale et macroéconomique, modalités de mise en oeuvre et effets redistributifs

Abstract : This thesis focuses on proposals of basic income in lieu of means-tested cash transfers in the French welfare system. The first part questions whether job automation and a call for unalienating work can justify establishing a basic income. The second part presents the benefits of basic income for fiscal or macroeconomic policies, notably to compensate the anti-redistributive consequences of consumption or ecological taxes, and to conciliate wage wage-competitiveness with demand policies. The third part presents the characteristics of fiscal reforms that include a basic income and examines the specific case of the French socio-fiscal system: consequences of the removal of fiscal expenses on the income tax, individualization of the social and fiscal system, replacement of tax expenditures, consequences for the beneficiaries of means-tested transfers, on tax deduction at source, etc. In the fourth part, we formulate a proposal of fiscal reform that introduces a basic income, and we stimulate its redistributive consequences on a sample of 821,815 individuals representative of population in France. We investigate to what extent a basic income could replace subsidies on low-paid jobs. In the last part, we present key elements in the more sociological debate on the impact of basic income onto work incentives and social exclusion.
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Jean-Éric Hyafil. Revenu universel : pertinence pour accompagner les métamorphoses du travail, rôle dans la politique fiscale et macroéconomique, modalités de mise en oeuvre et effets redistributifs. Economies et finances. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA01E035⟩. ⟨tel-01805583⟩

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