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Approches numériques et expérimentales pour l’étude des écoulements dans les laboratoires géologiques sur puce (GLoCs)

Abstract : This thesis work is included within the ANR CGS µLab projet, which aims to understand thefundamental mechanisms involved in the deep storage processes of CO2 from on-chip geological laboratories(GLoCs - geological labs on chip) to reproduce the pressure and temperature conditionsof deep geological environments. Besides experimental understanding, the contribution of numericalmodeling approaches appears essential in order to define models allowing to predict in particularthe maximum storage capacities based on the characteristics of the reservoirs (porosity, permeability,temperature, pressure, geochemistry), and the injection process (flow rate, composition). In thiscontext, this work has two main goals : (i) to associate experimental imaging and numerical modelingto simulate non-reactive flows in model porous media on chip ; and (ii) to follow experimentally thestructural evolution of a 3D porous medium undergoing a reactive flow. In order to address to thesegoals, the approach we have proposed is divided into two parts. In the first part, we carried out the3D modeling of the permeabilities of GLoCs by taking volume averaging. To do this, we first verifiedthe behavior of a GLoC according to its number of plots rows by studying a diffusion problem ona nested mesh that we have implemented from a GLoC binary image to reduce computation time.Then, we updated our permeability code, which solves the closure problem of flow, by analyticallycalculating in 3D the stability criterion that takes into account the anisotropy of GLoC geometry. Wethen processed the 2D digital images of the GLoCs before proceeding with the generation of their3D representative elementary volumes. Finally, we have simulated the permeabilities of GLoCs beforecomparing them with the experimental results and those obtained with the PHOENICS software. In asecond part, we have developed an experimental set-up to recreate 3D reactive porous media within amicrofluidic channel (fixed packed bed of calcium carbonate - CaCO3 microparticles). Using the X-raylaminography of the ESRF line ID19, we have observed on reconstructed 2D images the dissolutionphenomena occurring during the successive injection of constant volumes of non-equilibrium solution.This proof of concept has opened new possibilities for using this methodology to acquire kinetic dataon reactive front phenomena in porous media.
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Abdou Khadre Diouf. Approches numériques et expérimentales pour l’étude des écoulements dans les laboratoires géologiques sur puce (GLoCs). Matériaux. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0951⟩. ⟨tel-01805138⟩

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