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Relations procédés d’élaboration, état métallurgique, propriétés des alliages nanostructurés de Ni-W

Abstract : The aim of this study is to understand the influence of the deposition process on the metallurgical state and the mechanical and anti-corrosion properties of the nanostructured Ni-W alloys. Two processes are performed to obtain our alloys : the electrodeposition and the magnetron sputtering. A combination of several microstructural techniques at different scales has permitted the characterization of the morphology, the grain size, the crystallographic texture, the nature of grain boundaries and the concentrations of alloying elements. According to the elaboration process, the relationship between the W content and the metallurgical parameters is very different. A stronger influence of W is observed for the electrodeposited coatings by comparison with the alloys obtained by sputtering. The properties of the coatings are studied with microhardness measurements and electrochemical tests (polarization curve and electrochemical spectroscopy impedance). An increase of the microhardness is mainly observed with the decrease of grain size and the increase of tungsten content. But, the highest values of microhardness are always obtained for the highest tungsten content and not necessarily for the lowest grain size. So, a limit for the increase of microhardness with the decrease of grain size is put forward. The study of the electrochemical reactivity for the alloys in acidic media have shown a dominating role of the tungsten that depend on the pH, the studied domain and the reaction path associated with the corrosion process. The surface morphology and the structural defects have also an important influence on the reactivity of the Ni-W alloys that can exceed the impact of solute. As compared, the others metallurgical parameters (grain size, texture, grain boundaries and contamination) seem to have a minor influence on the electrochemical behavior.
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Matthieu Lagarde. Relations procédés d’élaboration, état métallurgique, propriétés des alliages nanostructurés de Ni-W. Autre. Université de La Rochelle, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LAROS021⟩. ⟨tel-01804940⟩

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