L'internationalisation des grandes écoles d'ingénieurs françaises : une recomposition de la noblesse d'Etat

Abstract : Since the 1980’s, French grandes écoles are undergoing critics announcing the end of a declining educational model, which is condemned to disappear or to adapt itself to requirements of “globalization”. In order to integrate new criteria of excellence, French engineering schools reform their pattern of selection and education, which is traditionally founded on academic values. Through the special characteristics of the French system of grandes écoles, reformers are challenging the traditionally close relationship that binds these institutions to the State. This work is aiming to analyze how engineering schools have changed their structure, their recruitment and educational programs to integrate these injunctions to "internationalize". The study about new forms of competition among engineering schools brings to light that changes in the French model of elite’s reproduction do not upset the national principles of organization and hierarchy. The analysis of international flow of engineering students also leads to nuance the hypothesis of a "global education market" gradually replacing the States. This research finally examines the metamorphoses of what Bourdieu designated as “State Nobility”, and it questions the actual range of its internationalization.
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Adrien Delespierre. L'internationalisation des grandes écoles d'ingénieurs françaises : une recomposition de la noblesse d'Etat. Sociologie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA01E038⟩. ⟨tel-01804113v2⟩

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