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Modeling and prediction of near wall turbulent flows

Abstract : The aim of the present work is to study a boundary layer subjected to a pressure gradient and to compare it with a zero pressure gradient (ZPG) boundary layer at high Reynolds numbers. Within this framework, focus is laid on the behaviour of large-scale coherent structures. Due to their large streamwise extent, these structures are not easy to extract and characterize using standard measurement techniques. For this reason, specific experimental set-ups using PIV in the streamwise/wall-normal planes was designed to capture the large-scale structures and to gain more insight into the mechanisms governing the dynamics of these flows. The achievements of the present investigation can be divided into two parts. The first part revisits the results obtained on a ZPG turbulent boundary layer by probing the origin of a spectral range in a turbulent boundary layer. To this end, a simple model which can in principle be applied to various wall-bounded turbulent flows is proposed from a new perspective based on the work of Townsend-Perry. The second part focuses on improving the understanding of turbulence under an adverse pressure gradient (APG) by performing a complete flow characterisation of an academic test case on a large scale geometry. Emphasis is laid on the characteristics of the structures (length, scaling, energetic contribution and their wall normal distribution) along with the influence of the APG on the large-scale structures. The analysis is also extended to compare the behaviour of APG with the ZPG case at high Reynolds numbers
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Sricharan Srinath. Modeling and prediction of near wall turbulent flows. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. Ecole Centrale de Lille, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ECLI0029⟩. ⟨tel-01803407⟩

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