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Systèmes ternaires à base de magnésium : synthèse, structure, propriétés physiques, stockage et/ou production d’hydrogène

Abstract : The use of fossil fuels (non-renewable energy) is responsible for the increase of the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Among the considered alternatives, hydrogen is seen as the most attractive energy vector. Production and storage of hydrogen is one of the key challenges in developing the hydrogen economy.The first objective of this thesis deal with the synthesis and characterization of magnesium-based ternary compounds in the RE-TM-Mg ternary system (with RE = Rare Earth and TM = transition metals) which could be good candidates for hydrogen storage. These compounds could also have other applications than the hydrogen storage in the future such as light structured material. The NdNiMg15 compound has been the subject of a completed study. This phase crystallizes with a tetragonal symmetry (a= 10.0602(1) and c= 7.7612(2) Å and a space group P4/nmm). It showed an antiferromagnetic ordering at 9 K and a reversible hydrogen storage capacity of 4 %mass. This phase exhibited a hardening effect respect to magnesium compound.The second objective of this thesis concerns the hydrogen production by hydrolysis of i) RE-TM-Mg ternary compounds, which could be considered as an economic and energetic possibility to valorize the waste of these compounds and ii) RE-TM-Mg ternary mixtures prepared by ball milling. The grinding creates defects thus promoting the corrosion of the metals. In addition, the hydrogen production by hydrolysis of the Mg-NdNiMg15 composites (70, 80 and 90 %mass. Mg) was carried out and compared with that of the NdNiMg15 compound (64 %mass. Mg). The main corrosion mechanism determined from the electrochemical measurements of the composites is the galvanic corrosion.
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Eliane Alasmar. Systèmes ternaires à base de magnésium : synthèse, structure, propriétés physiques, stockage et/ou production d’hydrogène. Matériaux. Université de Bordeaux; Université libanaise, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BORD0023⟩. ⟨tel-01800110⟩

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