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Theses

Approche multi-physique du vieillissement des matériaux pour application photovoltaïque

Abstract : This thesis investigates the aging of photovoltaic (PV) modules based on crystalline silicon technology via a multi-material approach. The first objective is to determine the degradation mechanisms involved during the operation of the PV modules and thus to be able to propose technological solutions improving their durability. For this purpose, accelerated aging tests were carried out on the glass, the crystalline silicon PV cell and the PV mini-module composed of glass, a polymeric encapsulant and the silicon cell.Their functional properties are systematically evaluated and the follow-up of these indicators allows to define aging laws. In parallel, physicochemical characterizations are carried out to determine the degradation mechanisms of the different components of the module. The study of damp heat on glass throws into evidence a surface degradation with a hydration process of the silica network and a leaching phenomenon of the sodium which involves an increase of the glass transmittance. The PV cell exhibits a deterioration of the electrical performance and reflectance after UV radiation exposure due to a photo-oxidation process of the SiNx antireflection layer. It has also been established that high UV power can also promote a regeneration phenomenon of electrical performances. The aging of the mini-module under UV shows the phenomenon of photo-induced degradation (LID) generating a slight decrease in the electrical performance from the first exposure whereas the impact of damp heat on the electrical performance is null after 2000 hours
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Vincent Guiheneuf. Approche multi-physique du vieillissement des matériaux pour application photovoltaïque. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1091⟩. ⟨tel-01800097⟩

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