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Propriétés électrochimiques et réponse structurale du polymorphe gamma'-V2O5 vis-à-vis de l'insertion du lithium et du sodium

Abstract : The question of energy storage is currently at the heart of many international issues. The development of storage systems such as lithium ion (LIB) and sodium ion (SIB) batteries is therefore today the subject of many researches.In this context, layered materials having an interlayer space allowing insertion of cationic species seem ideal in the context of use as a positive electrode material for these LIB and SIB systems. Among these structures, vanadium pentoxide, in its alpha form, is a model compound with many advantages as an attractive cathode material for lithium batteries. This material also has numerous stable polymorphs allowing a wide field of study of this compound.In this thesis we were interested in the gamma'-V2O5 polymorph, which exhibits a layered structure with very large interlayer space allowing an easier insertion. Therefore, increased electrochemical performances are expected for this compound. The aim of this thesis was to study the electrochemical properties and the structural response of this compound toward the insertion of lithium and sodium ions.The first part of this thesis proposes a review of the current literature studies devoted to lithium-ion and sodium batteries.In a second part, a thorough study of the electrochemical lithium and sodium insertion in the alpha-V2O5 phase are depicted. The electrochemical and structural properties of alpha-V2O5 will make it possible to highlight the advantage of using the polymorph gamma'-V2O5 as a positive electrode material for LIB and SIB.The third part of this thesis presents the synthesis and characterization of the gamma'-V2O5 polymorph. The complete study of this system is presented in the case of the insertion of lithium with a study of electrochemical performances, a kinetic study of the insertion reaction carried out by complex impedance spectroscopy and a description of the structural changes studied by X-ray diffraction and by Raman spectroscopy.In the fourth chapter, the insertion of sodium into the polymorph gamma'-V2O5 is studied, using the same approach than that adopted in the case of lithium. The structural mechanism involved during the electrochemical process is solved. The formation of a new sodium vanadium bronze, gamma-Na0.97V2O5 , is revealed and its structural determination is carried out. Due to its remarkable electrochemical characteristics, especially its high voltage of 3,3V and excellent cycling stability, the gamma'-V2O5 oxide ranks among the most performant cathode materials for sodium batteries
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Marianne Safrany Renard. Propriétés électrochimiques et réponse structurale du polymorphe gamma'-V2O5 vis-à-vis de l'insertion du lithium et du sodium. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1185⟩. ⟨tel-01799564⟩

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