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Sport mondial et culture moyen-orientale, une interaction dialectique récente. Le cas du Liban.

Abstract : Today the world is a village. The globalization made it a space always smaller in a uni-verse always bigger. This research brings together three actors: the professional sport, the West, and the Middle-Eastern culture. Their interaction develops within the frame-work of the globalization. My work was to study their connection. The professional sport is an invention of the West which propagated in the world and in East in particular through the colonization. After a period of break between these two worlds, a new relation was born today. The means of social communication did not stop making always more obvious the interactions between people in particular through sport. In Lebanon, the taken place by the soccer and the basketball is particularly revealing of this influence. The development of the satellite channels made that from now on the sport does not limit itself any more to the surrounding walls of stadiums but entered the most moved back houses. The Middle-Eastern context enjoys characteristics which do not spare sports. Indeed, in Lebanon, the professional sport is subjected to very strong cultural imperatives which we cannot disregard. The Lebanese society far from being secular, is colored by the religious pluralism. Sport teams belong to various politico-religious groups: the team of the Catholics, the team of the orthodoxes, and that of the Muslims … it's the same for spectators. This search tried to move forward certain hypothesis, and to emit a problem which amounts to the following question: from where comes the interest to study the impact of the professional sport on the sport in the Lebanon and how the mosaic of the Middle-Eastern culture influences the evolution of the world sport? The methodology adopted to answer this question, based itself on the questioning and the observation from prede-termined survey and from semi-directive interviews. If the most significant results point out the adoption of a sports model inherited from the French colony, we highlight how much succeeded them American-style behavior on behalf of the Lebanese professional sportsmen. The interaction between Lebanon and the West allowed this one to enter gradually the understanding of this mosaic which constitutes the Middle East. And to measure the implications of the sport in this sociological complexity. Our research illus-trates in detail these results. The specific contribution of such an investigation shows how much the analysis of realities so modest they are, sometimes allows to understand better the phenomenon of the globalization of the sport such as we live it today.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 31, 2018 - 8:50:26 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 16, 2020 - 9:38:01 AM
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Ziad Joseph Rahal. Sport mondial et culture moyen-orientale, une interaction dialectique récente. Le cas du Liban.. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. université Lille 2 ; Faculté des STAPS 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01799399⟩

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