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Understand the inversion mechanism of P-stereogenic compound using kinetic studies and in silico modeling

Abstract : This thesis is about the racemization of alkyl hydrogeno-phenylphosphinate, a molecule centered on a stereogenic phosphorus atom. We have synthetized compounds of interest, and studied their kinetic of racemization with chiral HPLC and phosphorus NMR. The first theoretical study (SMD//M06-2X/6-31++G**) about the enantiomerization of alkyl phosphinate after an SN2 with an alcohol have shown that the most favored mechanism was a syn-addition of the alcohol onto the double bond P=O on the opposite side of the alkoxy group. Kinetic studies with ethyl phosphinate in ethanol under reflux have shown an inversion barrier around 135 kJ.mol-1, in excellent agreement with this model (136 kJ.mol-1). The addition of a basic compound during kinetic measurements has shown a decreasing of the barrier to 121.5 kJ.mol-1, showing a catalytic effect. Kinetic and theoretical models have suggested that the mechanism would go through an activation of the alcohol by the basic compound which would facilitate its addition. The first tests about the nature of the alkyl group of phosphinate and alcohol have shown a general dependency of the barrier with the hindrance, but some DFT models, especially with adamantyl, have been in disagreement with this hypothesis.
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Guilhem Javierre. Understand the inversion mechanism of P-stereogenic compound using kinetic studies and in silico modeling. Theoretical and/or physical chemistry. Ecole Centrale Marseille, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018ECDM0001⟩. ⟨tel-01798123⟩

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