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Trois figures de détective à Hollywood : Sam Spade, Nick Charles et Dashiell Hammett - les enjeux du genre dans la construction du personnage

Abstract : The Maltese Falcon and The Thin Man by Dashiell Hammett, adapted successfully to the screen, revealed the typically American character of the private detective, with Sam Spade and Nick Charles.The last incarnation of Sam Spade by Humphrey Bogart in 1941 John Huston’s movie remains one of the most famous film noir figures. Nick Charles, with William Powell in Woody S. Van Dyke’s film in 1934, was so popular that both the character, escaping his creator, and the actor were reused in a succession of five films, until 1947.Why does the contemporary French public only know the first (character and actor) and why does it almost ignore the second ?Between them, what place does Dashiell Hammett hold, detective then writer, who became a character of detective writer in Hollywood Wim Wenders’s movie Hammett in 1982 ?The study of all Dashiell Hammett novels adaptations, from 1931 to 1942, enables to compare the various representations of his investigator characters. The study of the five movies reusing Nick Charles character allows to follow its lack of coherence.The observation of the change of the public taste, from the Great Depression until the post- Second World War years and the examination of the cinematographic careers of the two actors, explain the Bogart’s fame in France.Eventually, the French editorial revival of Dashiell Hammett at the beginning of the 21st century makes it possible to consider the author figure as a new myth.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 23, 2018 - 9:39:06 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 26, 2020 - 11:12:01 AM
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Francine Ananian. Trois figures de détective à Hollywood : Sam Spade, Nick Charles et Dashiell Hammett - les enjeux du genre dans la construction du personnage. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MON30002⟩. ⟨tel-01797983⟩

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