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Intersection theory of spaces of holomorphic and meromorphic differentials

Abstract : We construct the space of stable differentials: a moduli space of meromorphic differentials with poles of fixed order. This space is a cone over the moduli space Mg,n of stable curves. If the set of poles is empty, then this cone is the Hodge bundle. We introduce the tautological ring of the projectivized space of stable differentials by analogy with Mg,n. The space of stable differentials is stratified according to the orders of zeros of the differential. We show that the Poincaré-dual cohomology classes of these strata are tautological and can be explicitly computed, this constitutes the main result of this thesis. We apply this result to compute Hurwitz numbers and to show several identities in the Picard group of the strata. Then, we interest ourselves to moduli spaces of differentials of superior order. A curve endowed with a k-differential carry a natural ramified covering of Galois group Z/kZ. The Hodge bundle over the covering curve is decomposed into a direct sum of sub-vector bundles according to the character of Z/kZ. We compute the first Chern class of each of these sub-bundles. A last chapter will be dedicated to the presentation of conjectural relations between classes of strata of differentials, moduli of r-spin structures and double ramification cycles.
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Adrien Sauvaget. Intersection theory of spaces of holomorphic and meromorphic differentials. Functional Analysis [math.FA]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066460⟩. ⟨tel-01795154⟩

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