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Gouverner dans un monde fini : des limites globales au rationnement individuel, sociologie environnementale du projet britannique de politique de Carte carbone (1996-2010)

Abstract : During the 2000s, the British New Labour governments of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown have contemplated implementing a public policy called “Carbon card”, which consisted of allocating tradable emission rights to individuals. This project had originally been formulated in 1996 by green researchers who, drawing on past rationing policies, have contributed with this Carbon card to the emergence of a new public policy “référentiel” structured by the idea of ecological finiteness. Once agenda status was attained, however, this project was subjected to a reinterpretation of its environmental limits frame, that tended to relegate the idea of finitude, in an attempt to better conciliate the Carbon card with the ecological modernisation référentiel. This interpretation was coupled with a technical softening of environmental limits, still more relativized by the junction operated between the energy macrosystem and New Public Management-inspired policy instruments. At the outcome of this process, the indefinite postponement of the Carbon card reveals a renewed relegation of environmental limits to the margins of public action. The sociological study of the Carbon card’s institutional trajectory aims at feeding into a theoretical analysis of the obstacles to the emergence of a finitude référentiel, in a time of global ecological crisis. Drawing from environmental sociology, this work aims at showing that public policy research on rationing might contribute to investigating different ways of governing for a finite world.
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Mathilde Szuba. Gouverner dans un monde fini : des limites globales au rationnement individuel, sociologie environnementale du projet britannique de politique de Carte carbone (1996-2010). Sociologie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010540⟩. ⟨tel-01794527⟩

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