Les stratégies d’authenticité et les politiques de patrimoine culturel immatériel : une étude à partir de deux cas

Abstract : This thesis aims to understand the strategies (used in the representation of authenticity and the policies of intangible cultural heritage, based on the study of two cultural practices currently recognized as instances of intangible cultural heritage: fest-noz, present in the cities and countryside of Brittany, France; and jongo, present in the cities of the Paraíba do Sul river valley, located in the southeast region of Brazil. The comparative approach results from a double case study; on the one hand, the relations between fest-noz and authenticity in Brittany, and on the other hand, jongo and Afro-Brazilian authenticity. The thesis addresses three principle questions. First of all, an effort to understand fest-noz and how it shapes authenticity in Brittany; secondly, how jongo impacts the quest for Afro-Brazilian authenticity; and finally, a comparative analysis into both practices and the conclusions drawn from this approach. The field data collected from ethnographic writing archives were treated from a Bourdieu perspective. In addition, the analysis of institutional documents, including the heritage files of both fest-noz and jongo, and the documents relating to UNESCO and ICP legislation in France and Brazil, was of crucial importance. Furthermore, interviews with policy makers for the safeguarding of fest-noz and jongo and for cultural policies in the field of ICH in Brazil and France enabled a more nuanced elaboration of institutional documents. This thesis relies on contextual historical data that has contributed to a better understanding of the cultural practices in question.
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Luciana de Araujo Aguiar. Les stratégies d’authenticité et les politiques de patrimoine culturel immatériel : une étude à partir de deux cas. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MON30058⟩. ⟨tel-01794191⟩

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