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Phase separation and spin domains in quasi-1D spinor condensates

Abstract : In this thesis we present the experimental study of a spin-1 Bose gas of ultra-cold Na atoms with antiferromagnetic interactions in the F=1 manifold. Thanks to evaporative cooling in optical traps we obtain, depending on the trap geometry, quasi-pure spinor Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) in 0D traps and quasi-condensates in quasi-1D traps. The quantum-statistical Bose enhancement, typical of BEC, allows inter-component interactions (between the different Zeeman components) to order the system just below the Bose-Einstein condensation temperature. The magnetic ordering of the system is set: by contact interactions, that do not change the Zeeman populations, by spin-exchange interactions (U_s spin-exchange energy), that do, and by the quadratic Zeeman energy q. In particular, for q < U_s the system is in the antiferromagnetic phase while, for q > U_s, is in the transverse magnetised phase. We study first in which order the magnetic ordering appears, in the 0D trap, near to the critical temperature for BEC. We experimentally study different condensations scenarii varying q and magnetisation. The condensation of the different components is sequential and strongly influenced by interactions. We find a good agreement between the experimental data and a simplified Hartree-Fock model.Then we study the magnetic ordering, at T=0, in a quasi-1D trap. The system presents the formation of spin domains. We study the ground state of the system varying magnetisation and q. We observe a transition from the miscible to the immiscible phase, associated with the transition from the antiferromagnetic to the transverse magnetised phase. This is due to the relative strengths of inter-species contact interaction. To measure the temperature of the system, we measure the equation of state for a polarised cloud (all atoms in m_F=+1). Finally, we prepare the system in the immiscible phase m_F=0,+1 and we measure the spin-dipole polarisability of the system.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 17, 2018 - 9:09:06 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 23, 2020 - 1:09:35 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01793827, version 1

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Andrea Invernizzi. Phase separation and spin domains in quasi-1D spinor condensates. Quantum Gases [cond-mat.quant-gas]. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEE030⟩. ⟨tel-01793827⟩

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