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Vehicle Routing Problems with road-network information

Abstract : Vehicle routing problems (VRPs) have drawn many researchers’ attention for more than fifty years. Most approaches found in the literature are, implicitly, based on the key assumption that the best path between each two points of interest in the road network (customers, depot, etc.) can be easily defined. Thus, the problem is tackled using the so-called customer-based graph, a complete graph representation of the road network. In many situations, such a graph may fail to accurately represent the original road network and more information are needed to address correctly the routing problem.We first examine these situations and point out the limits of the traditional customer-based graph. We propose a survey on works investigating vehicle routing problems by considering more information from the road network. We outline the proposed alternative approaches, namely the multigraph representation and the road network approach.Then, we are interested in the multigraph approach. We propose an algorithm that efficiently compute the multigraph representation for large sized road networks. We present an empirical analysis on the impact of the multigraph representation on the solution quality for the VPR with time windows (VRPTW) when several attributes are defined on road segments. Then, we develop an efficient heuristic method for the multigraph-based VRPTW.Next, we investigate the road network approach. We develop a complete branch-and-price algorithm that can solve the VRPTW directly on the original road network. We evaluate the relative efficiency of the two approaches through an extensive computational study.Finally, we are interested in problems where travel times vary over the time of the day, called time dependent vehicle routing problems (TDVRPs). We develop a branch-and-price algorithm that solves the TDVRP with time windows directly on the road network and we analyze the impact of the proposed approach on the solution quality.
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Hamza Ben Ticha. Vehicle Routing Problems with road-network information. Other [cs.OH]. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017CLFAC071⟩. ⟨tel-01793702⟩

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