« AIDS IS HERE! » Prévenir les infections sexuellement transmissibles à Port-Vila, Vanuatu

Abstract : This thesis presents an analysis of the relations between the global and local forces at work in the context of the prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) in Vanuatu. I noted that, in the archipelago, the number of actors and actions in the field of sexual and reproductive health was relatively large considering the small number of cases of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) declared by the government and that Vanuatu had health problems impacting its population’s morbidity and mortality more severely that STI’s. I therefore became interested in the effects of contemporary globalization which might explain this discrepancy. My analysis is based on data collected between 2009 and 2012 during eighteen months’ fieldwork research in the archipelago (mainly in the capital, Port-Vila), as well as on two consultancy missions for the United Nations in 2012 and 2013. My work establishes that the organizations working in sexual and reproductive health in Port-Vila endeavour to transmit internationally recognized and acknowledged norms, categories and concepts. It also reveals that these bodies propose new hierarchies of values and representations of personhood different from those usually presented by the local population and contribute to the spread of discourses associating life in urban environments with STIs. However, the ni-Vanuatu employed by these organizations to run prevention programmes concerning sexual and reproductive health in the capital do considerable work translating these notions, and the inhabitants of Port-Vila, for instance those of Seaside Tongoa, encounter a profusion of sources of knowledge which affect how they think and act with regard to these questions differently.
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Alice Servy. « AIDS IS HERE! » Prévenir les infections sexuellement transmissibles à Port-Vila, Vanuatu. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01793190⟩

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