Propriétés optiques de nanostructures plasmoniques auto-assemblées : vers la plasmonique moléculaire

Audrey Sanchot 1
1 CEMES-GNS - Groupe NanoSciences
CEMES - Centre d'élaboration de matériaux et d'études structurales
Abstract : This thesis is part of a larger project which uses plasmonic properties of colloidal systems to develop and conceive new submicron scale waveguides. Plasmonics exploits the collective oscillations of free electrons on noble metal surfaces, excited by incident light. Plasmonic waveguides made by lithography have shown potential for the confinement and guiding of light energy. On the other hand, their polycristallinity induces an optical dissipation that limits the propagation length. Our approach consists in using localized plasmons on colloidal and monocrystalline nano-object deposited on dielectric surfaces. Simulations, as well as experiments, have confirmed that the structure and organization of such objects generate both a confinement and an enhancement of the optical near field intensity in their vicinity. The characterization of the near field confinement near tiny plasmonic self-assembled structures presents several difficulties. First, it was necessary to synthesize objects and assemble them into networks, in coplanar geometry. Extended monolayer networks of monoparticle chains were obtained after deposition on a substrate previously immersed in an alkaline solution. In a second step, we have characterized the optical near-field around the colloids. We have applied molecular photomigration to image the near-field with a 50nm spatial resolution. This phenomenon relies on the molecular movement of photochromic films induced under light excitation. An AFM topographic characterization, before and after illumination, allows then to map the near-field intensity. A film migration, only around the object and along the field gradient, has been observed. Finally, we completed this study by using two "far field" techniques, based on "pixel by pixel" scanning of an "optical virtual probe". The two photons photoluminescence (TPL) has shown the possibility to confine or expand the signal, depending on object organization. The recording of map temperature by fluorescence polarisation anisotropy has demonstrated the interest of particle networks as localised heat sources.
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Audrey Sanchot. Propriétés optiques de nanostructures plasmoniques auto-assemblées : vers la plasmonique moléculaire. Physique [physics]. INSA de Toulouse; Ecole Doctorale Sciences de la Matière de Toulouse (SDM), 2011. Français. ⟨tel-01792829⟩



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