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Dynamic network adaptation for energy saving

Dareen Shehadeh 1, 2
2 OCIF - Objets communicants pour l'Internet du futur
IMT Atlantique - IMT Atlantique Bretagne-Pays de la Loire, IRISA-D2 - RÉSEAUX, TÉLÉCOMMUNICATION ET SERVICES
Abstract : The main goal of the thesis is to design an Energy Proportional Network by taking intelligent decisions into the network such as switching on and off network components in order to adapt the energy consumption to the user needs. Our work mainly focuses on reducing the energy consumption by adapting the number of APs that are operating to the actual user need. In fact, traffic load varies a lot during the day. Traffic is high in urban areas and low in the suburb during day work hours, while it is the opposite at night. Often, peak loads during rush hours are lower than capacities of the networks. Thus they remain lightly utilized for long periods of time. Thus keeping all APs active all the time even when the traffic is low causes a huge waste of energy. Our goal is to benefit from low traffic periods by automatically switch off redundant cells, taking into consideration the actual number of users, their traffic and the bandwidth requested to serve them. Ideally we wish to do so while maintaining reliable service coverage for existing and new coming users. First we consider a home networking scenario. In this case only one AP covers a given area. So when this AP is switched off (when no users are present), there will be no other AP to fill the gap of coverage. Moreover, upon the arrival of new users, no controller or other mechanism exists to wake up the AP. Consequently, new arriving users would not be served and would remain out of coverage. The study of the state of the art allowed us to have a clear overview of the existing approaches in this context. As a result, we designed a platform to investigate different methods to wake up an AP using different technologies. We measure two metrics to evaluate the Switching ON/OFF process for the different methods. The first is the energy consumed by the AP during the three phases it goes through. The second is the delay of time for the AP to wake up and be operational to serve the new users. In the second case we consider a dense network such as the ones found in urban cities, where the coverage area of an AP is also covered by several other APs. In other words, the gap resulting from switching off one or several APs can be covered by other neighbouring ones. Thus the first thing to do was to evaluate the potential of switching off APs using real measurements taken in a dense urban area. Based on this collected information, we evaluate how many APs can be switched off while maintaining the same coverage. To this end, we propose two algorithms that select the minimum set of APs needed to provide full coverage. We compute several performance parameters, and evaluate the proposed algorithms in terms of the number of selected APs, and the coverage they provide.
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Dareen Shehadeh. Dynamic network adaptation for energy saving. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Ecole nationale supérieure Mines-Télécom Atlantique, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017IMTA0067⟩. ⟨tel-01792278⟩

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