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Elaboration and modifications of nanofibrous Al₂O₃

Abstract : In this PhD work we investigated growth process and evolution of structural properties of ultraporous alumina (UPA) monoliths during thermal treatment in the range between 20 and 1600 °C. A simple theoretical model was proposed permitting description and prediction of the material structure. A particular extension of this study concerns the mullite formation with an increase of the silica loading. Furthermore, first measurements of dielectric properties (refraction index and losses) in GHz-THz range of frequencies were performed, indicating this material to be potentially interesting for fabrication of the refraction optics.The experimental installation for UPA elaboration is described, and the analysis is presented of principal impurities and their influence on the growth kinetics using technical, high-purity and monocrystalline aluminum. The obtained materials were characterized by XRD, TEM, SEM, ICP/OES, TGA and PL methods. UPA modified with TMES and TEOS vapor impregnations were also obtained and analyzed. The fibril size, specific surface area, mass density and content of structural, adsorbed water and crystalline phase were measured for different UPA materials as a function of the annealing temperature. The correlated XRD and PL analyses was performed explaining the conversion of α phase UPA to 2:1 mullite, which fundamental band gap was set to 7.55 eV.The proposed model distinguished two principal regimes of thermal modifications: surface diffusional mass transport over a single fibril and bulk mass transport involving total material mass (sintering). The activation energies of the mass transport and pre-exponential constants (diffusion coefficient and free volume) in both regimes were obtained, providing a better understanding of the underlying physical processes in different UPA materials. Based on these results, we conclude about a common origin of morphological, chemical composition and phase transformations.
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Thi Hang Nga Nguyen. Elaboration and modifications of nanofibrous Al₂O₃. Chemical and Process Engineering. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCD020⟩. ⟨tel-01789042⟩

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