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L'âme entre psychologie et logique : le rôle de l'attention chez Wolff

Abstract : Psychology, whether empirical or rational, is only a part of Wolff’s Philosophy but thanks to its object – the soul or spirit- it highlihts the principles of this Philosophy, which fall under Logic and Ontology.Due to the “connubium experientiae et rationis” Wolff’s Philosophy begins by paying attention to our perceptions. She leads us to a careful discovery of Principles. Attention whose primary function is to provide a greater clarity to our perceptions, increases the capacity of the human soul defined as “a force representative of the universe”.Attention plays a role in each of the operations of the spirit. The word “reflexion” means the way we focus our attention on an aspect of our knowledge. The reason why attention is so significant in Wolff’s thinking, is related to its dimension of reflexivity: attention involves the spirit in self-reflexion. The notion of “representation” unifies different themes that our work endeavors to clarify: experience, consciousness, aperception, notions. Attention makes possible and accompanies each of the acts of our spirit.
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Jean-Marie Meyer. L'âme entre psychologie et logique : le rôle de l'attention chez Wolff. Philosophie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010534⟩. ⟨tel-01788831⟩

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