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Theses

Blessure, environnement et performance de haut niveau

Abstract : The thesis deals with the epidemiology and physiopathology of performance in elite sport. The objective is to analyze the impact of two parameters that can affect performance and its development during a sports career: injury and environmental factors. At first, we study the impact of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) rupture on the performance of the best alpine skiers (1st decile of performance) in the French Team since 1980. Through a transversal study, we analyze the return to performance after an ACL injury and evaluate whether the injury is a handicap in post-rupture performance. It is also an opportunity to demonstrate and compare the performance of the best skiers who had a torn ACL with those who never suffered this injury during their career. Secondly, a second longitudinal study analyses the performance development of the entire alpine skiers in the French Team during their career in injured and noninjured athletes since 1980. Moreover, in alpine skiing the environment plays a role in the occurrence of injuries. The snow conditions, weather conditions and temperature are all factors that influence the prevalence of injuries, including the ACL rupture. Thus, in a third study we evaluated the impact of seasonality and environment in the sprint and middle distance. This study was conducted in athletics because it represents one of the oldest Olympic sports with sufficient data available allowing a substantial historical perspective of performance. Our studies describe the importance of taking into account the injury and the environment, particularly temperature, in the multifactorial context of performance optimization in elite sport.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01788566, version 1

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Amal Haïda. Blessure, environnement et performance de haut niveau. Sport. Université de Rouen, France, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01788566⟩

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