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Impact d'un détournement d'attention sur les mécanismes neuromusculaires impliqués dans la contraction des muscles du plancher pelvien

Abstract : Aims: Attention may be involved in pelvic floor muscles (PFM) Methods: The electromyographic (EMG) activity of the external anal sphincter (EAS) was recorded on healthy female volunteers, during voluntary and involuntary (induced by cough) PFM contraction, elicited by local stimulation, combined (or not) with a mental Distraction Task (DT). Reaction time (RT1), ie. the latency between stimulus and the onset of EAS EMG activity, RT3, ie. the latency between the onset of EAS EMG activity and the onset of External intercostal muscle (EIC) (cough) were measured. Following randomisation (2/1) 13 volunteers underwent dual task cognitive (an attentional test and PFM exercises) rehabilitation program and 26 were the control group (no specific instruction). RT1 and RT3 were recorded before and after the program in both group.Results: The mental distraction task led to a 3.98 times greater reaction time between stimulus and EAS EMG activation (RT1), (p<0.001). DT led to a 29% shorter anticipation of the involontary PFM contraction: RT3 were respectively -80.00 ms without a DT versus -56.67 ms with a DT (r=0.7, p=0.004). In the rehabilitation group RT1 in DT conditions decreased from 461.1 ms to 290.7 ms (r=0.6, p=0.006)vs 370 to 343 ms in the control group (r=0.9, p=NS). In the study group RT3 without a DT increased from −68.5 ms to −127.8 ms (r=1.89, p = 0.03) and from 42,6 ms to -59,3 ms with a DT (r= 1.4, p=0.04).Conclusions: A specific dual task rehabilitation can prevent the effect of DT on PFM contraction characteristics.
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Thibault Thubert. Impact d'un détournement d'attention sur les mécanismes neuromusculaires impliqués dans la contraction des muscles du plancher pelvien. Neurosciences [q-bio.NC]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066178⟩. ⟨tel-01786850⟩

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