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Faster than Nyquist transceiver design : algorithms for a global transmission-reception enhancement

Naila Lahbabi 1, 2
2 Lab-STICC_IMTA_CACS_IAS
Lab-STICC - Laboratoire des sciences et techniques de l'information, de la communication et de la connaissance
Abstract : The exponential growth of wireless data traffic driven by mobile Internet and smart devices constrains the future radio systems to include advanced modulations/waveforms offering higher data rates with more efficient bandwidth usage. One possibility is to violate the well known Nyquist criterion by transmitting faster than the Nyquist rate, i.e., using a technique also known as Faster-Than-Nyquist (FTN) signaling. Nyquist-based systems have the advantage of simple transmitter and receiver architectures at the detriment of bandwidth efficiency. The idea of signaling beyond the Nyquist rate to trade the interference-free transmission for more throughput goes back to 1975. In this dissertation, we investigate the concept of FTN signaling over Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channel in the context of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing with Offset Quadrature Amplitude Modulation OFDM/OQAM modulation.The main objective of our work is to present an OFDM/OQAM system signaling faster than the Nyquist one and explore its potential rate improvement while keeping under consideration the overall system complexity. First, we propose a new efficient FTN implementation of OFDM/OQAM systems, denoted by FTN-OQAM, that has the same complexity as OFDM/OQAM systems, while approaching very closely the FTN theoretical rate improvement. As the Nyquist condition is no longer respected, severe interference impacts the transmitted signals. To deal with the introduced interferences, we propose a turbo-like receiver based on Minimum Mean Square Error Linear Equalization and Interference Cancellation, named MMSE LE-IC. The aim of our system is to boost the transmission rate, which means that high constellation orders will be targeted. In this respect, the MMSE LE-IC, whose complexity is independent of the constellation, turns out to be a good candidate. Since OFDM/OQAM modulation can be equipped with different types of pulse shapes, we propose an algorithm to find, for different constellation orders, the minimum achieved FTN packing factor for various pulse shapes. Then, we aim at improving the iterative processing of the introduced transceiver. The proposed method involves combining a precoder with the FTN-OQAM system in order to remove FTN-induced interference at the transmitter. We also present a sparse precoding pattern as it is difficult to jointly precode all the transmitted symbols. We introduce three families of precoders along with the corresponding receivers. Furthermore, we propose several modifications of the FTN-OQAM transmitter concerning different blocks such as channel coding, bits mapping and symbols mapping to further enhance the FTN-OQAM transceiver design. Presented results reveal the significant potential of the proposed methods.
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Naila Lahbabi. Faster than Nyquist transceiver design : algorithms for a global transmission-reception enhancement. Signal and Image Processing. Ecole nationale supérieure Mines-Télécom Atlantique, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017IMTA0017⟩. ⟨tel-01782435⟩

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